### Category "Math"

Circular law states the eigenvalues of a matrix with random entries of mean 0 and variance 1/n are approximately uniformly distributed in the unit disk of the complex plane. To see this, create a random matrix:

n = 1000
x = randomu(seed, n, n) - 0.5
x *= sqrt(12.0 / n)


Find the eigenvalues:

eigenvalues = la_eigenproblem(x, eigenvectors=eigenvectors)


Plot them:

plot, real_part(eigenvalues), imaginary(eigenvalues), $psym=3,$
xstyle=1, xrange=[-1.5, 1.5], \$
ystyle=1, yrange=[-1.5, 1.5]


This gives a plot like below:

Via the excellent John D. Cook blog. I recommend reading his site if you are interested in a combination of mathematics and Python.

This is fascinating:

People use imprecise words to describe the chance of events all the time â€” â€śItâ€™s likely to rain,â€ť or â€śThereâ€™s a real possibility theyâ€™ll launch before us,â€ť or â€śItâ€™s doubtful the nurses will strike.â€ť Not only are such probabilistic terms subjective, but they also can have widely different interpretations. One personâ€™s â€śpretty likelyâ€ť is anotherâ€™s â€śfar from certain.â€ť Our research shows just how broad these gaps in understanding can be and the types of problems that can flow from these differences in interpretation.

For example, below are probability distributions for some common phrases:

via FlowingData

Mathpix is a great idea, executed well:

The Mathpix desktop app allows users to take screenshots of math equations and paste the extracted Latex, all with a single keyboard shortcut.

For example, I wrote this on a piece of paper and took a picture of it:

And Mathpix put the following text on my clipboard:

\sum _ { i = 0} ^ { n } i = \frac { n ( n + 1) } { 2}


Which is exactly right:

$$\sum _ { i = 0} ^ { n } i = \frac { n ( n + 1) } { 2}$$

Mathpix can grab anything that is displayed on your screen.

The Mac app is free on the Mac App Store and there is a corresponding iOS app which is free with in-app purchase.

• #### GPULib

GPULib enables IDL developers to access the high-performance capabilities of modern NVIDIA graphics cards without knowledge of CUDA programming.

TaskDL is a task-farming solution for IDL designed for problems with loosely-coupled, parallel applications where no communication between nodes of a cluster is required.

#### mpiDL

mpiDL is a library of IDL bindings for Message Passing Interface (MPI) used for tightly-coupled parallel applications.

#### Remote Data Toolkit

The Remote Data Toolkit is a library of IDL routines allowing for easy access to various scientific data in formats such as OPeNDAP, HDF 5, and netCDF.

• #### Modern IDL

Modern IDL offers IDL programmers one place to look, for beginners and advanced users alike. This book also contains: a thorough tutorial on the core topics of IDL; a comprehensive introduction to the object graphics system; common problems and gotchas with many examples; advanced topics not normally found are discussed throughout the book: regular expressions, object graphics, advanced widget programming, performance, object-oriented programming, etc.

• #### IDLdoc

IDLdoc is an open source utility for generating documentation from IDL source code and specially formatted comments.

#### mgunit

mgunit is an open source unit testing framework for IDL.

#### rIDL

rIDL is an open source IDL command line replacement.

#### mglib

mglib is an open source library of IDL routines in areas of visualization, application development, command line utilities, analysis, data access, etc.