These visualizations of vessel movements, i.e., the movements of ships near port, demonstrate an interesting technique for showing particle movements. From the abstract:

Our visualization is based on density fields that are derived from convolution of the dynamic vessel positions with a kernel. The density fields are shown as illuminated height maps. Combination of two fields, with a large and small kernel provides overview and detail. A large kernel provides an overview of area usage revealing vessel highways. Details of speed variations of individual vessels are shown with a small kernel, highlighting anchoring zones where multiple vessels stop. Besides for maritime applications we expect that this approach is useful for the visualization of moving object data in general.

Vessel movements

The original paper is also available. Link via visual complexity.